Energy label and Eco-design


The average energy consumption of new electric goods sold in the EU displays a declining trend in the past couple of decade, despite an increase in the number of refrigerators, washing machines and TVs. This improvement can largely be attributed to two EU Directives that are among the most effective environmental regulations ever passed: Eco-design and Energy Labelling.


The combined effect of Eco-design and labelling will result in a yearly energy saving of 150 million tonnes of oil equivalent by 2020, roughly the equivalent of the annual primary energy consumption of Italy.

The line chart below shows the trend in energy consumption and stock of selected electrical appliances in European households. Since the introduction of energy efficiency measures, despite the growing number of appliances, the specific energy consumptions declined.


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The Eco-design Directive (2009/125/EC) requires manufacturers of electric and electronic equipment to be compliant to mandatory minimum environmental and performance standards fixed at EU level. The directive eliminates non-compliant products from the market, meanwhile boosting industrial competition on the grounds of efficiency improvement.

The Energy Labelling Directive (2010/30/EU) requires manufacturers to supply energy labels with their products (and retailers to display them) to allow consumers to make informed decisions when purchasing new equipment. The effect of the labelling on consumers’ purchasing choices fundamentally reshaped the market towards more and more efficient home appliances, which resulted in Europe saving Gigawatthours.

Understanding the Energy Label

The current Energy Label provides information about the yearly power consumption of the appliance, ranking it on an alphabetical scale associated with a color code (A+++ and green for top efficiency of its class). Depending on the class of appliance, the label gives additional information on water consumption, load capacity and noise level.

Before purchasing new equipment, always check the energy label. Energy efficient equipment may have a higher retail price, but the cost premium is paid-off over time by the savings on energy costs. Thanks to more and more efficient appliances European households will have saved almost €500 per year by 2020. Moreover, energy efficiency measures will create €66 billion in extra revenue for European firms.

Label reform

The EU enacted a new Regulation on Energy Label that simplified the ranking system in 2021. In concrete terms, which rescaled the energy classes: no more “pluses” (+), back to A to G. The new lable  included a whole new classes of products, including heating devices. More on the label  here.

A coalition of environmental groups demanded the new Energy Label to include information about the durability and repairability of products, in the wake of the new European draft law countering planned obsolescence.

Description of the proposed new energy label with durability indicator and repairability score.

Disposal of electric and electronic goods

When your old appliance reaches end-of-life, dispose of it in an environmentally safe way. The disposal of electric and electronic goods is regulated at EU level via the Waste from Electric and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Directive. Take it to the nearest authorized collection point. If you are buying new equipment, know that the store from where you are making your new purchase has to take care of your used one, free of charge.

For more information on how to correctly dispose of your equipment, click here.